“The Dental Solution for Bleeding and Infected Gums.”
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Are you aware that 4 out of 5 people have disease in their gum? Yes! That’s actually true. The Singapore Health Promotion Board conducted an Adult Oral Health Survey in 2003 which indicated that 85 percent of Singaporeans experience periodontal disease of the gum.
What is Gum Disease
There are 2 common forms of gum disease, Gingivitis and Periodontitis. Gingivitis is the lesser form of gum disease, which is caused by inflammation of the gums, or gingiva. Gingivitis commonly occurs due to the presence of plaque, or bacteria, accumulates on the teeth causing gum bleeding, this form of gum disease is reversible. However, if left uncheck gingivitis will become periodontal disease; an accelerated form of gum disease that ruins the attachment gum tissue and supporting bones holding the human teeth in the mouth. The extremely severe form is known as periodontitis. When it progresses to the advanced stage, there can be a permanent loss of the bone supporting the teeth. If this is not treated on time, it can result in premature tooth. However, it is possible to ensure your natural teeth are maintained properly.
Our dental surgeons at NoFrills Dental have many years of experience in preventing, diagnosing, and treating periodontal disease, as well as the positioning and the maintenance of the dental implants.
At NoFrills Dental, we offer cosmetic gum treatment procedures to mitigate the damage of gum issues and revitalise your smile.
Impact of Gum Disease
Gum Disease will damage or compromise these vital components that provide support for your teeth:
- Periodontal attachment: This is the ligament that attaches the tooth directly to the supporting bone. Gum disease may cause teeth to fallout as the periodontal attachments holding teeth in place start to weaken due to periodontitis.
- Gums (gingiva): This is the pinkish soft tissue around your teeth. Gum recession is a common side effect of gum disease. Which may cause teeth to become shaky and unstable if left untreated.
- Jaw Bone: Your jaw bone helps support your teeth. It also offers a socket that allows the roots of your teeth sit well. You can permanently lose your jaw bone tissue if you do not treat gum disease on time.
- Linked to Cancer: Studies conducted have shown a strong evidence for a link between severe gum disease and certain cancers with a 24% increase risk of cancer, in patients suffering from severe gum diseases. Read More
Gum disease is one of the most common causes of tooth loss and has been known to increase the risk of certain cancers in the severe cases.
Risk of Gum Disease
Chances of experiencing periodontal diseases can be increased by some risk factors:
- Smoking: impacts the ability of your body to repair any damaged tissue in your gum
- Poor tooth brushing and flossing habits (the use of poor techniques or too infrequent)
- Uncontrolled diabetes: has the capacity to impact on the ability of your body to use blood sugar, that can make it difficult to heal from infections of this nature like the gum disease
- Medications like anti-convulsions, anti-depressants, medications and specific heart medications that inhibit organ transplant rejection
- Hormonal imbalance (pregnancy)
Symptoms of Gum Disease
The early stage of gum disease shows no symptoms. When you start to experience symptoms, it means that the infection has reached a higher stage and treatment becomes significantly more difficult. Some of the common symptoms include:
- Loss of teeth
- Bleeding gum when brushing
- Gum abscesses (gum boils)
- Swollen, red, or tender gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Vague discomfort – similar to itchiness or dull ache on the gums
- Longer looking teeth (recession of the gum)
- Changes in the fitting together of the teeth when biting or chewing
Causes of Gum Disease
There is a common misconception that only older adults are susceptible to gum disease is wrong. Gum disease occurs in all patients regardless of age as a result of the accumulation of dental plaque.
Dental plaque is the whitish and sticky film that accumulates on the teeth. If dental plaque is not removed amid oral care every day, plaque becomes a hard deposit, called tarter, after some time. Tarter is extremely difficult and is only removable by professional cleaning.
Millions of bacteria exist in dental plaque, which generate toxins capable of irritating the gums and can lead to infection. This can lead to an inflammatory response in the gums, like bleeding and swelling. When it gets to a higher advanced stage, the tissues around the teeth are destroyed, as well as the bone that supports them.
Therefore, if you do not practice good oral hygiene, you are susceptible to gum disease, irrespective of the age, including elderly and children.
Prevention of Gum Disease
Go for dental check-up at least one every year. This gives our dentists the opportunity to discover any potential gum and oral diseases on time and allowing us to treat the issues before they escalate any further. Patients suffering from severe gum disease may require multiple visits to the dentist for professional dental cleaning and treatment.
You should actively keep up with daily oral care. Proper interdental cleaning and brushing is important for the prevention of the accumulation of dental plaque, preventing gum disease from occuring.
Periodontal treatment helps to limit the increase in the diseases and helps in the restoration of the health of the gums and teeth. Gum disease treatment is based on how severe the disease can be.
It is regarded as gingivitis at its earlier state, the bone supporting the teeth may not be lost at this stage. There is a need for routine polishing and scaling as well as maintaining good personal oral hygiene as much as possible. Visit the dentist at least 6 month’s interval.
When this disease advances, supporting bone could be lost, regarded as periodontitis, and there would be complexity in the treatment, which include:
- Root planning: No surgical cleaning of the teeth involved, with the help of local anaesthesia to get rid of calculus, bacteria, and plaque from under the gum line
- Good personal oral hygiene: Oral hygiene habits as well as constant professional maintenance are necessary for longevity and stability of the entire periodontal therapy
- Adhering to an entire full mouth treatment; there should be a 2-months review of your gum condition to evaluate the first treatment outcome
Based on the outcome, more treatment may be needed and could include surgical intervention, antibiotics, to ensure unresolved tooth sites are considered.
The purpose of the surgery is to ensure the bone is reconstructed, especially the lost ones. This can be done if there is no improvement in your condition after the first non-surgical periodontal therapy. This implies that you get persistent deep pockets as well as loss of supporting bone.
Not all patients will require this treatment. Viability of treatment will be ascertained by your dentist.
Meanwhile, the surgery therapy usually revolves around:
- The possible removal of excess gum tissue for the reduction of the deep pockets around your teeth, which makes home care easier
- Rebuilding the lost supporting bone
When a patient starts experiencing gum disease, the patient will always experience pain or discomfort from it. Periodontal disease is a severe condition and can reoccur if you do not consider regular careful maintenance.
Therefore, even after the disease is stopped, your gum health has to be regularly monitored to make sure the infection is under control. When you go for every visit, your oral health will be examined and plaque and tartar will be professionally removed. This helps your gum stay under good control.
Additionally, you have to maintain impressive daily oral hygiene to achieve a stable gum condition permanently!
Bone Grafting & Bone Regeneration
With the help of these procedures, the teeth supporting the structure (attachment or bone) that were previously lost because of periodontal diseases. It helps to enhance the support of your natural teeth in order to remain functional for as long as possible. Techniques consist of using bone grafts and membrane or enamel matrix derivative for the promotion of the regrowth of an aspect of the supporting tissues and the bone.
Road to Recovery
The quality of your life can be better when you prevent gum disease. Flossing and brushing remains extremely important!
Nevertheless, if you experience gum disease, a personalised treatment plan will be created for your case. We try as much as possible to help you the best we can. Schedule an appointment with us to evaluate your gums and get a treatment plan by using the form below:
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Other Dental Services
Here are some other services related to Gum Treatment that you might be interested in
Gum Surgery – The Solution to Damaged & Problem Gums
Dental Implants – The Solution to Missing Teeth.
At NoFrills Dental, we take great pride in delivering a holistic high quality dental experience through our professional excellence.
We believe in accessible & affordable dental care for all.